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1󅬈1 0崖1胰 378 (100) . . 闲 倚劳淹乐1瓮浪芡 窝1矣 ...

󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰

378 (100)

. .

闲 倚劳淹乐1瓮浪芡 窝1矣

盐1浪芡-吓睦梦1淄

耱囹騣 玟蝰礤眍 皴爨眚梓龛 囗嚯i 蝈痨,  镱珥圜帼螯 忤 "蝠喹

眈磬鳋磬朦磬 忤 铖怛" 钽潴 磬 铖钺腓忸耱i 沲睃钽 忤觐痂耱囗 磬箨钼桴

镳圉 漕^漤棹 汔塍鏸 耦朦龛 磬箨, 漕牦戾眚圊 靑骓囵钿龛 铕汔圉 箴漕忤 i 礤箴漕忤 铖怛 耱痼牝箴 牮囹, 玎塍麇龛 漕 镳铞遨 靑骓囵钿眍 蝌邈疣鲨 耵屦i 铖怛, 戾蝾 忤怆屙 耋蝽铖騣 漕^滏筲囗钽 翦眍戾磬.

'耦忄眍,  蝈痨 "蝠囗耥圉嚯 忤 铖怛", 镳噔桦, 怄桠噱螯 潆 铉磬麇眄 疱嚯钽 噌 鈏痱筻朦眍泐 镥疱耋忄眄 耱箐屙騣, 镥溧泐鉯, 嚓噤屐i黜桴 镳钽疣 蜞 珥囗礤忤 镱蝾赉 钿 牮嚆龛 蝤.

孰钼1 耠钼: 蝠囗耥圉嚯栝, 蝠囗耥圉i铐嚯i珈, 蝠囗耥圉嚯耱, 蝠囗耥圉嚯 忤 铖怛.

玎汔朦眍祗 忤汶潼 丘铖蜞眄 屦羼 漕 烀骓囵钿眍泐 忤烀痼 痤玮栩牦 ! 铖饷蜩 耧痂麒龛腩 镱螯 i 蝈痨, 觐蝠 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 潆 铒桉 耋鬣耥桴 . 穷牮屐, 殇弪 镳 "蝠囗癍 ", "蝠囗耥圉嚯苗" 蜞 "蝠囗耥圉嚯苗帙". 鲨 镱螯, i x 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 鹈珥桴 i 烀骓囵钿龛 漕牦戾眚圊, 磬箨钼桴 祛眍沭圄 i 耱囹 痤玮栩牦 ! ! 铖饷蜩, 屦磬鳋磬朊玎鲲 汶钺嚯苗圉 铖饷蜩.

羊囗溧痱礤 忤珥圜屙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛" (transnational),, 礤 铐豚轫钼瞄 忮瘃 屙鲨觌铒邃! 堂痧噱-洛狁蝈, 玮篦栩 " 噌 忤趺 玎 戾驺 " [1]. 茵嚓蝮忄眄 鳇钽 钺箪钼脲礤 磬忭民蟒 轭泐 耜豚涿 镳弭藐襦 豚蜩眈钽 镱躅滏屙 " " (饷 豚. trans - 麇疱, 玎, 牮苗, 镥疱, 镱 蝾 狲), , 镳噔桦, 鬣耱桧铪 耜豚漤桴 耠免, i 铉磬鬣: 1) 镥疱烀眄 麇疱 顸; 痼 麇疱 , 轭泐 镥疱衩麇眄; 2) 忤趺 玎 戾驺 黝泐顸; 痤珧帏筲囗 玎 戾驵扈 黝泐顸. 袜轱铠桊屙螟 耠钼龛觇 囗汶瞄顸觐! 祛忤 "American Heritage", " C o l l i n s " i "Webster's College Dictionary" 磬忸螯 溴犋 溴裘砻鲣' 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛", 襦戾: 1) "蜞觇, 徨 漕豚 " 蜞 2) "顸, ' 篦囫蟒 溴昝朦觐 牮! 麒 磬雒铐嚯铖蝈" [2].

玎珥圜栩, "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛" 蜞 饷 睃钽, -蝾 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦砻耱", "蝠囗耥圉嚯苗" 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 钺沭箜蝾怏 镳圉, ' 苗 磬箨囔, - 耦雒铍钽沐, 裘腩耦

   

34 义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 钿龛 饷 觐眦屣蝮 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛" 忖噫噱祛 "蝠囗耥圉嚯苗", 觇 铉磬鬣 忤, 痤玮桧箅铖 眍! 忡噱祛镱'玎眍耧 烀 , 钿眍泐 犷牦, i 礤躜筲囗 尻铐铎明眍泐 i 耦鲢嚯钽 珥圜屙 觐痄铐免 烀 溴疰噔囔, 庙泐. 穷牮屐, 汔塍缑 耦雒嚯桴 蜞 磬箨 蝠嚓蝮 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈" ' 蜞 忡噱祛滹, ' 蜞 麇疱 觐痄铐 铐嚯桴 溴疰噔 [4].





青筲噫桁, "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈" ' 磬 鬣蜿 耱. 痤犷蜞 囔屦桕囗顸觐泐 骟痦嚯 . 令痦 潆 铒桉 "眍忸泐 耧铖钺 铖扈耠屙 烀 牦朦蝮疣扈" [5]. 铖蜞眄泐 溴蝤矧 觐 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 皴疱 耋鬣耥桴 篦屙桴 汔塍缑 耦雒嚯桴 磬箨, 爨 磬箨钼桴 镳圉 牦朦蝮痤腩汨, 囗蝠铒铍钽, 民蝾痫, 朊蝈疣蝮痤珥噔耱忄 . 镟潴疣!, . 窿咫, . 孰敏纛痄, . 零噌汨 蜞 . 亦, 耦雒嚯 囗蝠铒铍钽 磬溧腓 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈 蝈铕弪梓眍泐 忤珥圜屙 镳铞羼, 玎怃觇 觐祗 渺烀沭囗蜩 耱忸瘙 i 锩潋痂祗 徉汔蝾赅磬朦砻 耋耧秒 怡眍耔龛, 镱邃眢 烀 犷 鹈珥 耦雒箪 !蹴泐 镱躅滏屙 蜞 蝈痂蝾鹈嚯钽 镳铈桠囗 [6, . 607]. 蝮痤腩汨 疋! 镳圉 嚓鲥眚簋螯 筲嚆 磬 耋耧秒蜮 赅蝈泐痫 镳铖蝾痼, 镱'玎礤, 磬襦祜屦邃, 忮腓觐! 昝朦觐耱 膻溴, 龛砻 骅怏螯 耦雒嚯桴 铖屦邃赅, 痤珧帏钼囗桴 钿眍鬣耥 溴昝朦觐 裘玷黜桴 烀聆 蜞 耦雒箪圊 磬 蝈痂蝾痫 溻铛 噌 崦朦 磬雒铐嚯桴 溴疰噔. 玉 疣珙 蜞昝 m 觐眚尻耱 篁忸瘙, 磬 潴礻 镳铘羼铕 ! 囗蝠铒铍钽 纛痄顸觐泐 篪忮瘃栩弪 . 洛痱钼弼, 蜞 玮囗 " 耦雒嚯 疱忝铐" (transnational social field), " 耦雒嚯 镳铖蝾痂" (transnational social space), " 镱皴脲眄" (transnational village), "蝠囗耠铌圉!" (translocality) [7, . 578]. 徉麒祛, 汔塍缑 耦雒嚯桴 磬箨 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 鲥 镥疱忄骓 潆 镱珥圜屙 耦雒嚯桴 镳铖蝾鹈, 觐蝠 耱忸瘙 渺烀沭囗蜩 镱镳 沐钽疣裘黩, 蜞 镱朊蜩黜 觐痄铐. 鬣耋 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈" 镱鬣腓 怄桠囹 礤 耱铖钼眍 蝠囗耜铕漕眄! 膻溴, 镥疱躅潴 牮苗 觐痄铐 牦朦蝮痦钽, , 尻铐铎明眍泐 蜞 镱蝾.

怡蜞, "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈 - 鲥 眍忤 囗嚯抿梓龛 镱汶, 痤珀痂忄 琊铖蜞眄 庙蝈眈桠眍耱 牮筱铑崦泱 蝾忄鹈, 庙纛痨圉!, 膻溴, 耧痂麒礤礤 烀骓囵钿眍 忸 烀沭帙妣 磬皴脲眄" [6, . 607].

徉麒祛, 忤觐痂耱囗 鲨 囗蝠铒铍钽!, 耦鳋腩泔, 镱朊蝾腩忝! 蜞 耦雒嚯桴 镱耔腓腩 !蹴 皴爨眚梓眢 礤钿眍珥圜螯. 皴 疱 篦屙桴 怦 箦 镱痤珞烀眄 眚梏藐圉 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈 徉汔蝾沭囗眍泐 i 耜豚漤钽 镳铞羼, 鬣耱桧铪 怆噤龛 饷漤铖桧, 觐蝠 怙腓忄 磬 滗'朦砻耱 麇疱 觐痄铐.

青 蜞觇 箪钼 镳桕豚溧扈 忤怏 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈 忖噫帼螯:

1) 玎镱鬣蜿筲囗 涿朦眍耱 礤箴漕忤 疋抿钼钽 爨 聒蜞狍, -蝾: 勿汔砻玎 吾'邃磬龛 ' (挝), 勿汔砻玎雒 尻铐铎明眍泐 耧免痤崦蝽桷蜮 痤玮栩牦, 砚抿钼栝 徉黻, 觌筢, , 嗣赅鹈 徨 觐痄铐免 蝾;

2) 篁忮痄驽眄 烀骓囵钿龛, 尻铐铎明眢 涿朦砻耱, 蜞痂裘; 3) 箨豚溧眄 鹈珥铒痤裘朦龛 烀骓囵钿龛 漕泐忸鹈 汶钺嚯! 豇囗耦忸-泐耧钿囵顸觐!

涿朦眍耱, 忤鹈眄 汶钺嚯桴 尻铍钽明龛 镳钺脲, 磬溧眄 铖饷蝤 镱耠筱 蜞 磬箨钼桴 汶钺嚯铎 爨聒蜞'. 镳邃戾蝾 磬泐 漕耠娩驽眄 翦眍戾 " 忤 铖饷蜞", 珙皴疱滂祛 磬 皴爨眚梓眍祗 囗嚯苗 玎珥圜屙桴 蝈痨 i 镳铖朊潢箦祛 铖钺腓忸耱 ix 忤觐痂耱囗 磬 箨钼桴 镳圉 , 漕牦戾眚圊 烀骓囵钿龛 , 箴漕忤 i 礤箴漕义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 35 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 忤 铖饷蝤 耱痼牝箴 牮!, 玎塍麇龛 镳铞羼免 烀骓囵钿眍! 耵屦 铖饷 蜩, 忤怆屙 翦眍戾磬.

理嚯1 铖蜞眄1 漕耠1滏屙 i 矬犭1赅1. 抨耧屦 皱眚痼 镨蜞睃 汶钺嚯苗圉!, 铖饷蜩 i 痤玮栩牦 琉民蝾朦顸觐泐 箜免屦耔蝈蝮 (洛腓赅 ) .

觐眚尻耱 耋鬣耥桴 铖饷蝤 镳铞羼免 痤玢溧 镱蝌 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛" (transnational - 狍赈嚯 "牮苗 磬鲲") " " (international - 狍赈喹 朦眍祗 "烀 " ) 忤觐痂耱钼筲囗 镱鹈忭朦眍!

镥溧泐汨觇, 昝 钺铛 忤镟潢圊 镥疱溽圜帼螯 " " 鹈忮睃 涿朦眍耱 嚓鲥 眚铎 磬 蝾祗, 怡狍忄弪 " " 噌 "烀" 磬'扈. 镱蝌 " ", 玎 忤耠钼脲眄 篦屙钽, (supranational- 狍赈嚯 " " ) 镱珥圜噱 铌疱扈, 鹈忮睃 噌 爨聒蜞 涿朦眍耱, 饷 [8, . 125]. 鳇铎 觐眚尻耱 '赅忸 潆 磬泐 镱鹈忭朦眍-镥溧泐秣眍泐 忤溧弪 蝾麝 珙痼 镳铘羼铕 . 暑箦磬, 橡彗桎屙蜞 翌忄痂耱忄 镱鹈忭朦 眍! 镥溧泐忝觇 (2004-2008 痧.), 镱鹈忭朦眍泐 囗嚯苗 滏筲囗钽 翦眍戾磬 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊珈 汔塍缑 铖饷蜩.

玎珥圜噱, 滏屙, 镳桉麇龛 忤怊屙睨 铖饷蝽! 蜩 "蝠囗耵屦", "蝠囗耠雒", " ". ' 觐眦屣蜩 祛骟螯 螂箪圜栩桉 蜞觇 耧铖冕: 1) 蝠囗耵屦 - 痼 铖饷蝤 娩彘 蜞 ! 镳嚓蜩觇 祗, 噌 烀骓囵钿眍祗 镳铖蝾'; 2) 蝠囗耠 - 耋蝽铖蛎 磬怊嚯桴 玎觌噤' 噌 镥疱铖扈耠屙 铖饷蝽悯 娩彘, 玎玮梓嚅 怡狍忄弪 鲥衩 蝠囗耵屦 镳铖蝾'; 3) 蝠囗耵铕爨 - 戾蜞祛痿铉, 昝 镱蝠遽簋螯 忭羼牦 眍忤 耦'嚯-尻铐铎明龛 耔 铖饷蝮 眍忤 箪钼圊, 觐蝠 磬觌噤帼螯 磬 忤眄 铖饷蜩 鬣 蝠囗耠鲲 [9]. 亦觇 , 磬 磬 潴礻, 觐痂耥桁, 铖昝朦觇 漕镱爨汔 ' 徉珙饷 祛蜩忤, 珙牮屐, ! 饷溽筲噱螯 (蝠囗耵屦), 玟瞄耥 鲥 , 玮娩觇 牦滂, i 耠箧栩 锩溻嚯桧铪 镱朊蜩觇 蜞觐泐 .

潴礻 忤觌噤圜觇 禹免屦耔蝈蝮 (洛腓赅 琉栩囗) . , 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛" 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 汔塍缑 ! 铖饷蜩 潆 稆牮羼脲眄 珥圜屙 "烀" 噌 " " 蝈痂蝾鹈嚯桁 觐痄铐囔, 蝾祗 铖眍忭栝 嚓鲥眚 痤徼螯 磬 蝈, 怡狍忄弪 " 镳铖蝾'", 礤 磬 鹈怿 ! 忡噱祛滹 烀 磬痤溧扈 [10,. 317]. 妈觌噤圜 羿牦朦蝈蝮 耦雒嚯桴 磬箨 i 禹免屦耔蝈蝮 (悦黼) I. 镥疱觐眢, 篑 涿朦眍耱 篪忮瘃栩弪免 磬殛疣 钺沭箜蝾怏 玎 箪钼 玟瞄耥屙 囗嚯铆 珞 ' 箴圊筲囗 烀聆邂钽, i 汶钺嚯钽 鹈忭免. 蜞, 耋蝽民螯 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朊玎雒! 嚓噤屐明眍泐 赅锩蜞朊珈 饷 庙蝈沭圉摸 忤烀痼 磬怊嚯, 磬箨钼-庙眍忄雒轫 涿朦砻耱 箜免屦耔蝈蛎, 镱耔膻 庙蝈沭圉摸 烀 箜免屦耔蝈蜞扈 蜞 汶钺嚯苗钼囗桁 赅锩蜞朊珈铎 i 玑秒箦 祛骐桠铖蛎 怊屙桴 蜞 磬怊嚯桴 玎觌喹 滗' 滂忮瘃梏藐筲囹 疋! 珙怿 滏屦咫 裘磬眈筲囗 磬 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍祗 鹈怿.

漕汔弪 麇疱 镱邃磬眄 腩赅朦眍泐, 躅涿 耱疣蝈忝 铕汔砻玎雒! 镳嚓蜩黜桴 痤崦, 漕耠娩龛鳇觇 戾疱, 镱皴疱漤桷桴 铕汔砻玎雒, 眍忤 聃屐 忤痤犭屙 珥囗 戾踵烀 裘磬眈筲囗, 耧痂 耱桊 烀 汔塍珑 ! 铖饷蜩, i 镳桠囹龛 皴牝铕铎 i 耧铐箨噱 漕 怵圊筲囗 忤烀痼 滂磬烀觇 痤玮栩牦 嚓噤屐明眍泐 赅锩蜞朊珈. 耠钼囔, 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 嚓噤屐明龛 赅锩蜞朊珈 铉磬鬣 蝠囗耜铕漕眄 庙蝈沭圉摸 ! 铖饷蜩 i 珥囗礤忸泐 赅锩蜞朊珈 忤汶涿 义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 漕耠娩龛鳇觇 [11, c. 552]. 妈耠钼脲磬 I. 礤眍 蝾麝 珙痼 i 镱汶溧扈 庙 篦屙桴, 珙牮屐, 禹免屦 耔蝈蝮 枢朊纛痦 ( ) . 怅噻箦 磬 钺桊囹 玎 铖眍怏 狍潼觇 襦戾 汶钺嚯 耦雒嚯 耔耱屐, 磬 饷 鲥眚痤忄眍! 镟疣滂沆, 铖昝朦觇 耦雒嚯 耱痼牝箴 怦 耱帼螯 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛扈 [1 2].

铖眍忭钽 爨蝈餴嚯 漕耠i滏屙. 噔蝈眚梓龛 朊蝈疣蝮痦桴 滏屦咫 玎 镱赅玎腩, 忤珥圜屙 镱蝌 " 朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞" (transnational higher education) 烀骓囵钿龛 囗汶铎钼龛 漕牦戾憝 蜞, 祛眍沭圄明龛 i 镥鹈钿桷 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 镱涿犴 玎 耋蝌 蝈痨庙 "玎觐痄铐磬 忤 铖怛" (higher education abroad), "靑骓囵钿磬 忤 铖怛" (international higher education), "蝠囗胥疣龛黜 忤 铖怛" (cross-border / transborder higher education), "忤 铖怛 徨 觐痄铗" (borderless higher education) [13, . 2]. 蝈痨庙, 镳噔桦, 怄桠帼螯 潆 忤珥圜屙 疱嚯钽 噌 饷痱筻朦眍泐 镥疱耋忄眄 耱箐屙蛎, , 珥囗 蜞 嚓噤屐明龛 镳钽疣 钿!

牮!龛 . 蝈 觐眦屣蝮嚯 痤玑面眍耱 烀 磬扈, 忸龛 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 . 珥圜屙, 磬 潴礻 尻耧屦蛎, 爨 蝈痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免", 磬蝾忐螯 蝈痨庙 " " 怄桠噱螯, 镥疱忄骓, 玎 礤钺趺漤铖蛎 磬泐腩眄 磬 沐钽疣裘黜 噌 桎梓砻 觐痄铐免 [14, . 3]. 棱蝾痂 "填溴朊 蜩镨: 赍鹈忭 怅噻免觇 篑镥 眍! 镳嚓蜩觇 ! 铖饷蜩", 忤觐磬眍泐 噔耱疣朊轳桁 尻耧屦蜞扈 袜雒铐嚯钽 耧铖蝈疱骟忄朦眍泐 鲥眚痼 玎 铖饷蝾 腓觐! 琉栩囗 (温团), 磬泐腩, ' 镱 怅疣 忄骐桠桁, 钽潴 磬 蜩 庙 鹈珥桴 溴豇.

亦昝 痤玑铆 骓铖蛎 祛骟螯 爨蜩 忤鹈朦龛 怙腓 磬 镳铞邃箴 磬 祗, 蜞 i 磬 庙耱栩篥瞄眍祗 鹈忭. 冷驽, 镥忭 蜩镨 镱耠筱 狍潴螯 忤觌屙 疱泱蝾痦桴 镳铞邃箴, 忸龛 镱-鹈珥铎 痤玢溧蜩祗螯 镳钼嚅 溴疣扈, 襦烀 疱泱蝾痦 镳噔桦 玎腓蜩祗螯 麒爨腩 豚缑忸 潆 i x 镱痼眄 [15, . 6].

袜箨钼雒 鹈珥桴 牮! 镥疱觐磬砻 蝾祗, 镱觇 礤 忤痤犭屙 髅蜿钽, 篑蜞脲眍泐 烀骓囵钿眍祗 铖饷蝽-磬箨钼铎 镳铖蝾鹈 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 蝈痨 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 忤 铖饷蜞", " 忤 铖饷蜞" i " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免", 镳铗 铛囵嚓蝈痂珞忄蜩 溴 铟邂桎 蝈礓屙雒!.

亦, 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 忤 铖饷蜞" (cross-border higher education) 痤玢溧弪 痤觐泐 螂箪圜屙 烀骓囵钿眍! ! 祛崦朦眍耱 戾驵 蝈痨庙 "烀骓囵钿磬 铖饷蜞" i 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 蝈痨庙 潆 铉磬麇眄 鹈珥铎囗抿眍耧 忤涿 烀骓囵钿眍! 涿朦眍耱, 镳 疋囹 镳圉 . 旅眈屙-肃黻疣磬. 穷牮屐, 玎珥圜噱, "耱箐屙蜩, 昝 磬怊帼螯 玎 觐痄铐铎, 疱镳彗屙蝮 镱疱眢 纛痨 蝠囗耜铕漕眄!

! 铖饷蜩. 怙痤漕怄 铖蜞眄泐 溴蝤栩 '忤腓 眍饷 忤滂 蝠囗耜铕 漕眄! 忤! 铖饷蜩. 翌祗 忸磬 怅膻鬣 礤 烀骓囵钿眢 耱箐屙蛎, 铖饷蝽悯 镳钽疣 i 磬怊嚯桴 篑蜞眍 麇疱 " [16, c. 2]. 蝾麝 珙痼 . 抨赍朦, . i . - [17, . 299], 昝 痤玢溧 蝠囗耜铕漕眄 忤 铖饷蝮 烀骓囵钿眢 祛崦朦砻耱 耱箐屙蛎, 忤觌噤圜免, 漕耠娩龛昝, 镳钽疣, 镳铄牝免 蜞 磬怊嚯桴 玎觌噤免. 棱耱疣朊轳栝 漕耠娩龛 .锑疸庙耦 [18] 忤觐痂耱钼箦 蝈痨庙 " " 疋! 镳圉, 镳桉麇龛 义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 37 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 铒桉 ! 铖饷蜩, 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 铖饷蝽悯 镱蝾昝, 镱蝾昝 汔 塍缑 铖饷蜩, 镱蝾昝 蜞 娩彘, 耱箐屙蝰! , 烀骓囵钿龛 饷漤铖桧 磬 怊嚯桴 玎觌噤', 铐-豚轫钼钽 蝠囗耵屦 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 蝾狎 怦泐, 徨顼铖屦邃睃 ' 铖饷蝾 i 爨 镱蝈眦绵 镥疱烀蜩 ! 牮!龛 庙.

禹免屦耔蝈蝮 腻朊 . 绵矧 忖噫噱, 磬耧疣怃 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耜铕 " 爨 磬 筲噻 篑饷漕祀屙 i 忤珥囗 觐痄铐免, 蜩, 耱铖簋螯 镱朊蜩黜桴, 耦雒嚯桴 i 牦朦蝮痦桴 眍痨. 厦 蝠囗耜铕漕眄铪 铖饷蝾 怊屙 痤珞烀 磬怊囗 耱箐屙蛎 磬 牦瘃 噌 镳钽疣烀, 昝 狍腓 痤琊钺脲砻 磬溧 牮帏, 饷潇庙砻 饷 牮!龛 !蹴泐 镳铈桠囗 [19]. 觇 磬箨钼弼 箜免屦耔蝈蝮 . 疋! 痤犷蜞 忤觐痂耱钼箦 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 忤 铖饷蜞", 铖昝朦觇 饷 磬轶骅忄砻 i 疱溽圜噱 痼 耱箐屙蛎 噌 磬溧眄 镱耠筱 ! 铖饷蜩 镳钼嚅溴疣 扈, ! 耱箐屙蛎 庙 牮!. i i 潴礻, 蝠囗耜铕 漕眄 忤 铖饷蜞 铉磬鬣, 溴昝 铖钺 麒 铖饷蝽-磬怊嚯! 涿朦眍耱 羿牝梓眍 镥疱蜩磬 烀骓囵钿 觐痄铐 噌 篑蜞眍忤 磬溧 疋!

镱耠筱 溻铛 噌 牮!磬. 疹鬣 忸磬 磬泐腩, 朊蝈疣蝮鹈 怦 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 i 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞", 铒桉箦 铖饷蝽 镱耠筱, 忤躅螯 玎 戾婷 ! 牮!龛 [20, . 5].

潴礻 烀骓囵钿龛 尻耧屦蛎 汔塍缑 ! 铖饷蜩, 蝈痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" (borderless higher education), 磬 饷 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 忤 铖饷蜞" "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞", 怙屦 '忤怦 镳 痤玮栩铌 ! 铖饷蜩 棱耱疣腼 i ! 琉栩囗 2000 痤牦 [13]. 亦, 疋! 漕牦戾眚圊 [21, . 5] 忤觐痂耱噔 鲥 蝈痨庙 潆 铒桉 " 耧尻颦 痼 玎躅滗' 蜞 , 昝 镥疱蜩磬 (...) 蝠噤桷 戾婷 ! 铖饷蜩, 狍潼-蝾 沐钽疣裘鼬, 汔塍珏饷 觐眦屣蝮嚯, 珙牮屐 (...) 咫尻蝠铐礤 磬怊囗 (...), 镳桠囹礤 蜞 觐痫铕囹桠礤 磬怊囗, 烀骓囵钿礤 聒怵钺抿龛鲵忸 汔塍缑 铖饷蜩 ". 徉汔螯铛 漕牦戾眚圊 蜞 磬箨钼桴 蝈痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 耱铖箦螯, 珙牮屐, 涿朦眍耱 饷痱筻朦龛 篪忮瘃栩弪免 i 磬怊囗 玎 觐祗砻赅鲽龛 蝈蹴铍钽瞄 (I室). 义痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 蜞 觐 磬 忤珥圜屙 涿朦眍耱 戾疱, , 觐眈铕烀 i 镟痱礤瘃蜮. 潴礻 .彦礓屦耦磬, 蝈痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 磬耜疣饷 铒桉箦 疋抿, 觐祗 镳铞羼 痤犭螯 蝈痂蝾鹈嚯 觐痄铐 玎殁桁. 蝈 耱箐屙蜩, 忤觌噤圜, 痤琊钺龛觇 磬怊嚯桴 镳钽疣, 戾礤滏屦, , 箜免屦耔蝈蜩 i 觐眈铕雒箪, 鬣耱桧铪 烀骓囵钿眍! 磬怊嚯-磬箨钼! 涿朦眍耱, i 疣砻 爨 镳桧嚯彐砻耱 镥忭桴 牮!, " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 溴祛眈蝠箦 " " 鬣耋 i 镳铖蝾痼 疱珞朦蜞 耋鬣耥桴 汶钺嚯桴 镳铞羼免 [22].

皴爨眚梓眍泐 珥圜屙 觌钼钽 蝈痨庙 磬泐 , "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞" (transnational higher education) 镱赅珞, 饷 鬣耱 忤觐痂耱钼箦螯 铖饷蝽-磬箨钼桴 绵蜩 蜞 镟痱礤瘃蜮 磬 磬朦眍祗 鹈怿, 礤 磬 鹈怿 ! 祛崦朦眍耱 忤觌噤圜免 噌 耱箐屙蛎. 耱铕庙赅 "理嚯抿梓眍泐 汶铖囵摸 觐耱 忤! 铖饷蜩" . 绵疴 [23] 珥圊钿桁 忤 珥圜屙 ! ! 铖饷蜩 磬溧眄 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 , 牮', 鬣耱 囫铢螯 庙蝈痦圉妙磬朊玎雒妣, 镳铗 礤 鳇铎 忤.

. 洛疳藐 蜞 . 深昝饷痱 [24, c. 1] 痤玢溧 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眢 忤 铖饷蝮" 耱鹈礻 忤, ' 缑 钺汔扈 "尻耧铕蝮 渺义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 镱痱 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 鹈珥桁 ". 念耠桷 玎筲噫簋螯, 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞 - 鲥 铖饷蜞, 磬溧弪 牮!眍 ! i 烀耱栩 鹈珥 蜩镨 朦眍 磬溧龛 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 耱忸疱眄 箜免屦耔蝈蝰桴 赅祜篑免, 滂耱囗鲣'轫 磬怊囗 蝾, 嚯 忤觌噱 纛痨 磬怊囗 玎 觐痄铐铎, 珙牮屐 蛎, 镱'玎砻 耱箐屙蛎 麇疱 溴疰噔砻 觐痄铐 牮!. . 叔眄 耱忮痄骟, 鲥 蝈痨庙 怙屦 ' 怄栩牦 襦戾 漕牦戾眚圊 i 磬箨钼桴 镳圉 噔耱疣 篦屙桴 90-蛎 痧. 耱. 潆 痤琊苗礤眄 溻铛 蜩锩 玎觐痄铐眍! ! 铖饷 蜩, 钿眍泐 犷牦 蜞觐!, 磬溧弪 庙 牮!磬 (offshore / transnational education), - 蜞觐!, 牦 耱箐屙蜩 棱耱疣腼 (onshore / international education) [25]. 鲣'腩祗, 忤觌噤圜 噔耱疣朊轳桴 箜免屦耔蝈蛎 . 缅翦痦屙, . , . 铃颃, . 砚 玎筲噫簋螯, 漕耠娩驽眄 ! 忤! 铖饷蜩 耋蝌邂 篑觌噤睨弪 麇疱 蜞眄 , 珙牮屐 漕饷朦礤 怄桠囗 耠免 " " (offshore), "玎铌遴眈" (overseas) 磬怊嚯 觐眈箅筲囗 (tutorial).

潴礻 怊屙桴, 襦戾 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥喹 雒铐嚯 忤 铖饷蜞" ' 篑 忤, 镱珥圜帼螯:

镳钽疣扈, 磬溧 纛痨嚯桴 筱钿 烀 忮瘃栩弪囔 蜞 玎痼崦骓桁 篑蜞眍忄扈 噌 铕汔砻玎雒扈;

镳钽疣扈, 忤觌噤囗 鬣耱觐忸 噌 玎 (镳钽疣扈 ! 铖饷蜩, 磬溧 玎痼崦骓铪 篑蜞眍忸 玎 ! 筱钿);

镳钽疣扈, 噔耱疣朊轳桁 饷滹钼娩眍 漕 玎痼崦骓桴 嚓噤屐明龛 耱囗溧痱免 [26, c. 30].

堂骓囵钿龛 尻耧屦 汔塍缑 屦磬鳋磬朊玎鲲 铖饷蜩, ' - 翌痤眚顸觐泐 箜免屦耔蝈蝮 (枢磬溧) . 忤耠钼膻 潴礻 徉汔螯铛 篦屙桴 镳 蝈, "礤蝾黜 忤觐痂耱囗 蝈痨腩忝!" 疋栩, 钿眍泐 犷牦, 镳 耜豚漤 滏筲囗钽 忤, - 疱珞朦蜞蝾 轭泐 蝠桎蜩朊蝽! 邂铍 "饷 烀骓囵钿眍泐 汶钺嚯钽 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍泐 忤烀鹈 痤玮栩牦 ! 铖饷蜩" [27, . 14]. 镳桉蜩豚 麒爨腩 疋! 痤崦 忤怊屙睨 耋蝽铖蛎 玎珥圜屙桴 镳铞羼免 怙痤漕怄 溴犋铛 溴蜩朊螯 鹈珥桴 牮!磬 疋抿. ! 烀痍筲囗 鳇钽 镳桠钿 忸磬 箸嚆嚯桦 漕镱怡 " , 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬, 蝠囗癍 觐痄铐磬 铖饷蜞 麒 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免: 滂脲爨 忤珥圜屙 蜞 玑铕 溧龛 (2005 .). 鳇铎 ' 漕耠桷, 珙牮屐, 聃桦弪 磬 觐痂耱 忤觐痂耱囗 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞" 痼躞 膻溴, 镳钽疣, 镳钼嚅溴鹈, 珥囗, 娩彘, 蜞 镱耠筱 牮苗 磬鲣铐嚯 觐痄铐 [28]. 蝾麝 珙痼 镱滗' . 铃疸屙, 泐腩忄 腻镟痱囔屙蝮 ! 铖饷蜩 蜞 民蝾痫 忤觌噤囗 朽滂 砚痤镨. 旅 磬泐腩, 汔塍缑 ! 铖饷蜩 玎珥噱 耋蝌邂钽 痤玮栩牦: 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞" 狍 磬轱屦, 忤觐痂耱钼筲噔 潆 铒桉 鳇钽 漕牦戾眚圊 邂痤镥轳桴 铕汔砻玎鲽 蜞 箜免屦耔蝈蛎. 义痨庙 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 铖饷蜞", 觐蝠栝 狍赈嚯 铉磬鬣, 磬溧眄 铖饷蜩 麇疱 镥疱蜩 漕砻, 磬泐腩 磬 觌囫梓眍! 耱箐屙蝰! 祛狲民蟒 磬溧憝 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 钿礤 礤 忤觌噱 . 骂漤铟囫, 蝈痨庙 " 铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 稆牮羼膻, 磬鲣铐嚯 觐痄铐 礤 鳇钽 忤潴 铖饷蜩, 赅 礤 钺钼'珀钼 镱躅滂螯 狍潼-觐! 觐黻疱蝽! 牮!龛, 祛驽 狍蜩 镳钿箨蝾 ! 铖饷蝽! 涿朦眍耱 [29, . 8]. 邂铍 汔塍缑 烀骓囵钿眍! 铖饷蜩.

   

悟驽, 徉麒祛, 忤 铖饷蜞 踵疣牝屦桤筲嚯囫 疋!扈 烀骓囵钿龛扈 玮'珀囔, 玎怃觇 聒怛钼囵桉蜮 怊屙桴 玎怄滂 忡噱祛滗'腓 疱 觐痄铐, 玟瞄耥麒 漕耠娩驽眄 磬箨钼瞄 耵屦. 龛砻 鹈忮睃 烀骓喹 痤漤! , 镱'玎龛 忮腓麇珥桁 镱蝾赅扈 耱箐屙蛎, 镳钽疣祉铪 蜞 庙耱栩篥瞄眍 , 痤玢溧弪 噌耦膻蝽 眍忮 忤.

署渺 蝾泐, 朦耱 苗 蝠噤桷瞄龛 烀骓囵钿龛 玮'珀免 忤觐痂耱钼筲嚯囫 磬襦祜屦邃 潆 嚓噤屐明龛 i 牦朦蝮痦桴 彘. 武磬 铖蜞眄渺 鬣耦 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞 镱鬣豚 耥囹桉 戾蝾. 襄疱趺 "饷 漕 蝾痫怆" 耱噔 蝾 鬣, 觐腓 漕 嚓噤屐明眍泐 聒怵钺抿龛鲵忄 漕塍麒腓 牮!龛, 蜞 i 蛎, 忤忄. , 怅膻麇眄 蝈痨庙 "铖饷蝽 镱耠筱" 漕 蝾疸钼咫桴 戾驵 缅礤疣朦眍! 筱钿 蝾疸免朊 镱耠筱囔 (美已, 溧朊 - 缅礤疣朦磬 筱钿) 砚抿钼! 铕汔砻玎雒! 蝾疸免朊 (盐) 镱耱箫钼 磬溧 忤泫' 铖饷蛎 觐耱彘 ! 觐戾瘀瞄眍! 镱耠筱. 怡蜞, 耋鬣耥瞄 磬箨钼瞄 朊蝈疣蝮鹈 篁忮痄骟弪 眍忮 镱蝌 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蝽渺 镱耠筱囔" [30, . 33].

漕 觌囫梏藐圉! 缅礤疣朦眍! 筱钿, 龛砻 疋抿 趔黻雒铐箦 黝蜩痂 蜩镨 烀骓囵钿眍! 蝾疸免朊 铖饷蝽渺 镱耠筱囔, 襦戾:

40 义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰

1. 茵囗耜铕漕眄栝 / 铖饷蝤扈 镱耠筱囔 (cross-border supply) 玟瞄耥螯, 镳噔桦, 玎 蝈脲觐祗砻赅雒, 昝 镥疱眍螯 镱耠筱 麇疱 觐痄铐 磬 犋蜞腧 滂耱囗雒轫钽 磬怊囗.

2. 襄疱耋忄眄 牮苗 觐痄铐 耧铈桠圜 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱/耱箐屙蝰 祛崦朦睨螯 (consumption abroad) 镱汔 镥疱!玟 耱箐屙蛎 潆 铗痂爨眄 赈嚯敏藐圉! 蜞 滂镫铎.

3. 橡烀 庙铉屐砻 庙忮耱桷! 觐戾瘀瞄磬 镳桉篁砻耱 (commercial presence) 镥疱溽圜噱 磬忭民螯 玎痼崦骓钽 镳钼嚅溴疣 镥忭瞄 牮!砻 戾蝾 磬溧眄/痤顼钼颃滏屙 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱.

4. 襄疱耋忄眄 牮苗 觐痄铐 徨顼铖屦邃睃钽 眍衩 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 (presence of natural persons) 铉磬鬣 镥疱!玟 镳铘羼铕顸觐-忤觌噤圉钽 耜豚潴 庙! 牮!龛 潆 忤觌噤囗 [31, c. 10].

玎珥圜屙 觐眚尻耱 磬泐 漕耠娩驽眄, 锩漶箪筲囹, 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞 镥疱溽圜噱 镥疱蜩 觐痄铐免 镱耠筱囔, 耧铈桠圜囔 镱耠筱. 戾驵 镥瘌钽 蜩矬 镱耠筱 镥疱蜩磬 觐痄铐 玎 镱祛泐 滂耱囗雒轫! 饷痱筻朦眍! 铖饷蜩, 戾驵 蝠弪泐 蜩矬 庙铉屐砻 庙忮耱桷!

耧痂 玎耥筲囗睨 裘朊 赅祜篑免, 玎痼崦骓桴 觐痫铕囹桠龛 庙耱栩篁免 蜞 麴囗鬣殓桧泐忤 镳钽疣. 骂漤铟囫 漯筱栝 麇蜮屦蜩 镥疱溽圜帼螯 镥疱蜩 觐痄铐免 徨顼铖屦邃睃 裘玷黜桁 铖钺囔: 耧铈桠圜囔, 眍衩扈 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱. 锩潋忮痄驽眄 玎珥圜屙钽 镳铞栩箦祛 噔耱疣朊轳桴 漕耠娩龛昝 . 锑炅痦 蜞 . 项腚铌, 昝 磬 耱铕庙赅 骟痦嚯 "堂骓囵钿磬 忤 铖饷蜞" 玎筲噫簋螯, 涿轳眍 民眢 徉汔蝾 趺 磬溧眄 忤! 铖饷蜩 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 耧铖冕. 鳇铎 !!

镳桠噌腓饷耱 鹈忭铉磬黜铪 潆 怦悯 篦囫龛昝 鳇钽 镳铞羼, 襦戾:

耱箐屙蜩 镳嚆眢螯 铗痂爨蜩 赈嚯敏藐帙 玎痼崦骓钽 , 礤 镥疱!驿驵 庙 牮!眢 磬怊囗;

镳圉邃噔 怆噤 牮! 玎雒赅怆屙 痤玮栩牦 膻漶钽 赅嚯 ( 麒 徉汔蝾磬雒铐嚯 汶钺嚯 觐痫铕圉! 沐钽疣裘黜 滂耧屦耥铪 耔 腩);

镳钼嚅溴痂 铖庳 镱耠筱 尻耧铕蝽桴 [32, c. 13].

务钺腓忸! 忄汨 潆 磬泐 磬箨钼钽 镱牦 疱珞朦蜞蜩 漕耠娩驽眄 "茵囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞 邂痤镥轳铎 觐眚尻耱 - 玎徨顼鬻屙, 锩漉钿 蜞 耱疣蝈忝!", 玟瞄耥屙钽 礼铞绵雒妣 嚓噤屐明眍泐 耧免痤崦蝽桷蜮 2008 痤牦. 绣珞朦蜞蜩 狍腩 铗痂爨眍 镳 缑耱噔脲眄 忤觐痂耱囗 蝈痨庙铍钽! 铖饷蝽悯 漕牦戾眚圊 !

琉栩囗, 蜞 棱耱疣腼 [33, c. 57-58]. 亦, 棱耱疣朊, 牮!磬-趔礓囹铕 蝈痨庙铍钽! 潆 忤珥圜屙 镳铞羼免 磬溧眄 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 耧铟囹牦 觐痂耱钼筲嚯 鲥 蝈痨庙 磬泐腩耦 磬 沐钽疣裘黜铎 牮栩屦! 玎塍麇眄 庙铉屐龛 耱箐屙蛎. 倾钿铎, 戾蝾 忤珥囗 庙耱栩筻朊玎雒! 鳇钽 翦眍戾眢 箴 棱耱疣朊! 疋! 漕牦戾眚圊 玎珥圜桠: "噔耱疣朊轳 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞 蜞 磬怊囗, 饷漕爨 噌 蝠囗耜铕漕眄 铖饷蜞 磬怊囗, 镥疱溽圜噱 磬溧眄 蜞 / 噌 铞庙牦 镳钽疣 / 牦瘃免 嚓疱滂蝾忄龛 噔耱疣朊轳桁 镳钼嚅溴痤 (磬怊嚯 玎觌噤铎) 庙 牮!砻, 砻 棱耱疣朊, 怅膻鬣 觐祜铐屙 裘玷黜! 镳桉篁 忤觌噤圜免 i 耱箐屙蛎 (...), 磬 饷 铖饷蜩 i 磬怊囗 骅烀. 茵囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞 镳铘羼瞄磬 锩溷铗钼赅 ' 裘玷黜 镳桉篁砻耱 忤觌噤圜 玎 觐痄铐铎 饷 噔耱疣朊轳钽 镳钼嚅溴疣 箨豚溧眄 铘闽瞄眍! 筱钿 磬怊嚯铪 篑蜞眍忸 / 铕汔砻玎" [34]. 徉麒祛, 玎 鳇钽 忤珥圜屙 箫疣怆庙雒 铖饷蝾 棱耱疣朊! 镳嚆眢螯 砻忮膻忄蜩 脲犟枰孱餴 i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 41 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 黜 痤玑面眍耱 烀 鬣耱 蝈痨庙囔 耜铐鲥眚痼忄蜩 磬 铕汔砻玎雒轫桴 玎襦溧 磬溧眄 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 珙牮屐 蝠噤桷瞄砻 蜞 滂耱囗雒轫瞄 纛痨圊 铖饷蜩.

礤 怵圊钼箦 磬溧眄 镱耠筱 (蜮庙庙泐忮 磬怊囗, 麴嚅鬣礴桧泐忮 磬怊囗, 裘朊! 赅祜篑免 蝾), 滂耱囗雒轫 磬怊囗, , 玎 耠钼囔 . 暑眄咫朊, 耱忸 镱蝈眦瞄砻 豚缑怅 疱泱蝾痦桴 镳噔桦圊, 铖昝朦觇 镱忭栝 镱蝈眦绵 雒轫! 铖饷蜩 祛驽 狍蜩 琊遴朊珙忄龛 玎 痤玢潴 !! 庙蝈沭嚯钽 觐飕 镱礤眚 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 铖饷蜩 [1 5].

耜豚漤螟 饷漤嚅蜩 玎汔朦礤 痤珞烀眄 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞", 铖昝朦觇 牮!砻 礤爨 髅蜿! 磬雒铐嚯! 镱玷雒! 噌 耱疣蝈忝 痤玮栩牦 ! 铖饷蜩. 犟蝾痂黜 蜞 耜豚腩, 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 蜞", "铖饷蜞 徨 觐痄铐免" 蜞 "蝠囗耜铕漕眄 铖饷蜞" 怄桠帼螯 忡噱祛玎烀眄 徨 痤珈彐筲囗, 雒腩祗 饷滗珏痍嚯 民眢 疱泱蝾痦 镳嚓蜩牦 磬溧眄 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 囔屦桕囗顸觇扈 篪忮瘃栩弪囔. 鹈珥桷妣 烀 棱耱疣朊妣 蝈, 囔屦桕囗顸赍 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞" 玎玮梓嚅 烀耱栩 i 滂耱囗雒轫 磬怊囗. 饷潇庙砻耱 蝈, 鲥 蝈痨庙 怅膻鬣 铘痦 镳钽疣扈 赅祜篑, 狍腓 镥瘌 麇疸 犭屙 囔屦桕囗雒, 昝 磬怊帼螯 玎 觐痄铐铎 [33, c. 73].

箜免屦耔蝈蝰铎 皴牝铕 ! 琉栩囗! 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞" 爨腩怄桠囗桁. 撩朦耱 箜免屦耔蝈蛎 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 潆 鳇钽 忤潴 铖饷蝽悯 塍 玎汔朦龛 蝈痨庙 "耧秒 烀骓囵钿礤 镱耱圜囗" (collaborative international provision) 噌 铒桉簋螯 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眢 铖饷蝮 玎 !! 觐祜铐屙蜞扈, -蝾: 麴囗鬣殓桧泐忮 镱耱圜囗, 滂耱囗雒轫 磬怊囗, 裘朊! 箜免屦耔蝈蝰桴 赅祜篑免 蝾. 烀耱 磬轱铒箅痦螟桁 皴疱 镱耱圜嚯桕免 蜞 铗痂祗忄髅 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 ! 琉栩囗! 蝈痨庙 "滂耱囗雒轫 磬怊囗", "铐豚轫钼 / 饷痱筻朦礤 磬怊囗", "-磬怊囗", 昝 忸龛 忤觐痂耱钼簋螯 潆 镱珥圜屙 篑悯 镳钽疣 !蹴泐 耧免痤崦蝽桷蜮. 悟驽, 狃栩囗顸赍 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 耋镥疱麒螯 噔耱疣朊轳铎, 囔屦桕囗顸觐祗, 铖昝朦觇 忤镟潢 玎疣躅怏 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 铖饷蜩 滂耱囗雒轫 纛痨 !! 疱嚯苗圉!, 镱鹈忭眍 - 钺戾骟 雒妣 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦礤 镱耱圜囗 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱.

铃珑囡屦鬻眍, 珥圜龛 忭羼铌 痤琊钺脲眄 箸泐滏屙 蝈痨庙铍钽明眍泐 镱 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩 玟瞄耥螯 烀骓囵钿砻 铕汔砻玎雒! 疱忝铐嚯钽, 蜞 汶钺嚯钽 鹈忭免. 穷牮屐, 烀骓囵钿磬 铕汔砻玎雒 镱矬痂玎雒! 狃栩囗顸觐! 铖饷蜩 囗汶瞄顸觐! 祛忤 疋抿 - 琉栩囗顸赅 朽溧 - 疋! 漕牦戾眚圊 蜞 磬 忮狁蝾鹈黻圊 忤觐痂耱钼箦 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩" 磬溧眄 镱耠筱 ! 铖饷蜩 钿砻! 牮!龛 庙. 鳇铎 蜞赅 铖饷蜞, 玎 忮瘃缅 雒! 铕汔砻玎雒!, 礤 铛铒膻 蝠噤桷瞄龛 痂眍 玎塍麇眄 烀骓囵钿龛 耱箐屙蛎, 觐腓 耱箐屙蜩 娩篁 磬怊囹桉 玎 觐痄铐. 袜蝾烀耱 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 铖饷蜞 镥疱溽圜噱 觐腩 鹈珥桴 耧铖钺免 漕耱噔觇, 磬襦祜屦邃 滂耱囗雒轫 铖饷蝮 咫尻蝠铐礤 磬怊囗; 筱钿 镳 忄朊溧雒 麴囗鬣殓桧; 蜮庙砻磴 庙 耧免镳圉. 雒腩祗, 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞 铉磬鬣 磬溧眄 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 箪钼圊, 觐腓 耱箐屙蜩 珥圊钿螯 庙 牮!砻, 砻 蜞, 溴 痤珧帏钼囗栝 磬怊嚯栝 玎觌噤, 镳桉忸 赈嚯敏藐圉摸 [35].

务蜞眄渺 痤赅扈 疋抿钼铎 铖饷蝽祗 镳铖蝾鹈 玎耱铖钼箦螯 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 忤! 铖饷蜩 铖饷蜩, 牦 玟钺筲噱 耱箐屙 庙铉屐眍祗 箜免屦耔蝈蛎, 疋! 牮!砻. 鳇铎 耱箐屙 礤 镥疱蜩磬 觐痄铐, 疱!驿驵 磬 磬怊囗 庙 牮!眢, 铖饷蝽 镳钽疣扈 镳铐桕帼螯 牮苗 觐痄铐 耱帼螯 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛扈. 觐痄铐免 玎 箪钼 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 铖饷蜩 玟瞄义铕i i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 耥螯 噌 裘玷黜, 觐腓 镥疱!玟螯 忤觌噤圜 磬怊嚯桁 爨蝈鹈嚯囔, 噌 饷痱筻朦眍, 蝾狎 玎怃觇 滂耱囗雒轫瞄 纛痨 磬怊囗 忤觐痂耱囗 蝈脲觐祗砻赅雒 蜞 - . 亦赍 磬扈 玎觌噤屙 铖眍怏 涿朦眍耱 烀骓囵钿眍! 铕汔砻玎雒! " 嚯眈 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 铖饷蜩" ( G A T E ), 赅 怅膻鬣 崦珥羼 觐痫铕圉, 忤 磬怊嚯 玎觌噤, 箴漕饷 耱痼牝箴, 钺'邃磬砻 磬镳桕庙雒 90- 痧. 耱. 潆 玟瞄耥屙 耧秒钽 觐眚痤膻 玎 昝耱 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩 [36].

苗 镥瘌桴 烀骓囵钿眍 忤珥囗桴 钺沭箜蝮忄睃 ! !

铖饷蜩 忖噫噱螯 镳栝蝈 疱珞朦蜞蛎 麒耠屙龛 溴徉蛎 蜞 钺泐忸疱睃 尻耧屦蜞扈 , 朽滂 砚痤镨 蜞 砚痤镥轳! 锩 鬣 需琰觐泐 襦烀蝮 (6 麇疴 2001 .)., 襦戾 蜞赍: "怦 忤滂 镳钽疣 ! 铖饷蜩 麒 磬怊嚯桴 牦瘃免, 噌 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱, 滂耱囗雒轫 铖饷蝮, 镳 玟瞄耥屙砻 觇 耱箐屙蜩 珥圊钿螯 庙 牮!砻, 礤 蛎, 溴 痤珧帏钼囗栝 磬怊嚯栝 玎觌噤, 镳桉忸 赈嚯敏藐圉摸. 祛骟螯 磬脲驵蜩 铖饷蝽瞄 耔耱屐 庙铉屐眍! 牮!龛, 噌 疱嚯苗钼筲囹桉 礤玎脲骓 饷 狍潼-觐! 磬雒铐嚯! 耔耱屐 铖饷蜩" [37]. 蝠嚓蝮忄眄 饷漕狃噫屙 耧秒铎 漕牦戾眚 "暑溴犟 镳铘羼瞄眍! 镳嚓蜩觇 磬溧眄 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍!

铖饷蜩" 暑烀蝈蝮 觐礅屙雒! 镳 忤珥囗 赈嚯敏藐圉瞄 ! 铖饷蜩, 耱忸疱龛 玎 铕汔砻玎雒扈 潆 忤鹈眄 烀骓囵钿眍-镳噔钼桴 镳钺脲 痤玮栩牦 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩. 橡钹磬朊珞殪 溴蜞朦眍 鲥 忤珥圜屙, 痤珈鸣屙 烀骓囵钿眍祗 疣礻钼铎 漕牦戾眚, 镱觌桕囗栝 耱箐屙蛎 蜞 庙 玎雒赅怆屙桴 铖冕 饷 龛琰觐昝耥桴 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 蜞 镳钼嚅溴鹈 镱汔眍 疱矬蜞雒妣. 徉麒祛, 忸眍 爨犟桁嚯 漕 汶钺嚯钽 痤珞烀眄 鳇钽 翦眍戾眢 蜞 饷溽桠噱 轭泐 民蝾痂黜 玎痤滏屙 噔耱疣朊轳瞄 铖饷蝽瞄 镳嚓蜩雒. 铖眍饷 溴裘砻雒! / 朽滂 砚痤镨 烀耱栩 篁铟礤眄, 耱箐屙 珥圊钿栩 庙 牮!砻, 砻 磬怊嚯 庙耱栩篥, 镳桉忸 赈嚯敏藐圉摸. 礤 珥圜屙 磬狍忄 蜮屦滏屙 镳 蝈, 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦砻 铖饷蝽 镳钽疣扈 祛骟螯 镳圉囹 礤玎脲骓 饷 狍潼-觐! 磬雒铐嚯! 耔耱屐 铖饷蜩, 疋铪 麇疸 镥疱溽圜噱 祛骐桠民螯 潆 民眢忄眄 镳钽疣 "徨 沭铎噤眈蜮" , 昝眦邂铎 疱珞朦蜞蛎, 磬怊嚯桴 篑蜞眍 "徨 沭铎噤眈蜮". 袜蝾烀耱 镳嚓蜩赅 疱嚯苗圉! 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 鹈珥桁 镳钼嚅溴疣扈 镱赅珞, 怦 忸龛, 镳噔桦, 爨 镥忭栝 蜩 嚓疱滂蜞雒! 蜞 铘闽瞄眢 疱羼蝠圉摸 躅鬣 徼 钿砻 牮!砻. 湾琊铉箪秒桁, 磬 磬 镱汶, 玎腓弪 漕 痤珈鸣屙 镳钼嚅溴疣 磬雒铐嚯桴 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 饷漤铖眍 耱箐屙蛎. 冷驽, 饷漕祛, 民眢 麒爨腩 镳钼嚅溴鹈, 玎徨顼鬻簋螯 疋铪 裘玷黜 镳桉篁砻耱 庙铉屐砻 牮!砻-耧铈桠圜邂 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱 铗痂祗 饷 礤! 漕玮秒 磬 磬溧眄 朊鲥礴钼囗桴 镳钽疣 镳桉忸屙 赈嚯敏藐圉瞄. 青 蜞觇 箪钼 镳钼嚅溴痂 耋蝾 庙铉屐龛扈, 镳铗 忸龛 礤 痤珧帏钼囗 庙 牮!砻, 砻 耱箐屙蜩, 觐蝠 磬怊帼螯. 钽潴 磬 溴裘砻雒 耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩 / 朽滂 砚痤镨, 砻 礤 怵圊钼囗 蜞昝 !! 忤滂, 镥疱溽圜帼螯 磬忭民螯 庙铉屐龛 镳钼嚅溴鹈 镥忭瞄 牮!砻, 沭铎噤龛 觐! 磬怊帼螯 玎珥圜屙桴 玎觌噤圊.

磬 潴礻, 磬轱钼砻 忤珥圜屙 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! 忤! 铖饷蜩, 饷溽桠噱 篑 鹈珥铒豚眍饷耱 !! 耋蝽铖蛎 磬 耋鬣耥铎 弪囡 痤玮栩牦, 镱溧眍 耧秒铎 漕牦戾眚 "叔鹈忭 怅噻免觇 昝耥钽 磬溧眄 蝠囗耥 ! ! 铖饷蜩" (2005 .), 珙牮屐: "... 忤 铖饷蜞, 怡狍忄弪 忄, 溴 忤觌噤圜, 耱箐屙蜩, 镳钽疣扈, 牦瘃, 庙耱栩篥! 镥疱蜩磬 磬雒铐嚯 桉滂牿瞄砻 觐痄铐. 茵囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞 怅膻鬣 忤 铖饷蝮, 磬溧弪 / 蜞 礤镳栳篁觐忤/镳栳篁觐忤 镳钼嚅溴痤. 镥疱湟孱餴 i 镳嚓蜩赅 箫疣怆蝽 耦朦龛扈 耔耱屐囔 1 '2014 43 󡪰󘉷 0崖1胰 徉鬣 徉汔蝾 忄鹈囗蛎 疱嚯苗圉! 觐眚桧篌烀 饷 徨顼铖屦邃睃钽/钺腓鼢 漕 钺腓鼢 (鹈珥 耱箐屙蝰! 蜞 镳钼嚅溴瘃! 祛崦朦眍耱) 漕 滂耱囗雒轫钽 磬怊囗 (忤觐痂耱囗 龛珀 蝈蹴铍钽瞄, -磬怊囗)" [38, c. 3]. 燕戾 蜞觐泐 锩漉钿 扈 狍溴祛 漕蝠桁筲囹桉 镳 镳钼邃屙 磬泐 漕耠娩驽眄 镱溧朦泐 囗嚯苗 耱痼牝箴 , 痤琊钺觇 !! 蜩镱腩忝! 蜞 觌囫梏藐圉! 鹈珥桴 蜩锩.

. 悟驽, 痤玮栩铌 ! ! 铖饷蜩 嚓蜩忭钽 i 弭尻蜩忭钽 烀驿屦驵忭钽 耧免痤崦蝽桷蜮 戾蝾 忡噱祛玑嚆圜屙 钺烀眢 漕疋娩铎 铖饷蝽瞄 耵屦 耱噱 苗 忄骐桠桴 耜豚漤桕免 铖饷蝽! 镱朊蜩觇 痤玮桧屙桴 牮! 疋抿, 珙牮屐 囗汶铎钼龛 - 棱耱疣朊!, ! 琉栩囗!, . 漕 徨珑囡屦鬻龛 !! 镥疱忄 饷漤铖螯 锩溻棂屙 漕耱箫眍耱 忤! 铖饷蜩, 箜免屦襦朊玎雒 珥囗, 痤琊钺脲眄 烀骓囵钿龛 耱囗溧痱免 觐耱 锩溻棂屙 庙眍忄雒轫铖蛎 ! 铖饷蜩 玎怃觇 篦囫蛎 耱箐屙蛎 忤觌噤圜免 烀骓囵钿眍祗 钺烀砻 珥囗扈, 珈闽礤眄 烀骓囵钿眍泐 耧免痤崦蝽桷蜮 铖饷蝽-磬箨钼瞄 耵屦, 滂忮瘃梏藐圉! 琊铖蜞眄 裘磬眈钼桴 镱蝾昝 玎 玎塍麇眄 庙铉屐龛 耱箐屙蛎 磬 镫囹砻 磬怊囗, 烀骓囵钿眍! 戾疱婷 潆 弭尻蜩忭钽 忤觐痂耱囗 !蹴悯 疱耋瘃免. 耧疣忮潆桠 玎珥圜噱 镳铘羼铕 洛耱烀眈蝈瘃钽 箜免屦耔蝈蝮 . 冷囔, 觐痤蜿铗屦烀眍饷 镥瘃镥牝桠 镱蝈眦瞄龛 怙腓 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦眍! ! 铖饷蜩 玎腓螯 磬 皴疱漤祗 鹈忭 疋钽 珥圜屙, 镳 鳇铎 磬獒秒钽 痤玮栩牦 忸磬 玎珥噱 镱玎 玎趺漤铄怵铒彘顸觇 疱忝铐铎, 崦朦耱 蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦龛 镳钼嚅溴鹈 ! 铖饷蜩 磬玷忄 "琊秒桁 铖饷蝽渺 " [39, c. 41]. ! 镳梓桧 铖眍忭 疋铪 筲嚆 忸龛 耜铐鲥眚痼 磬 鲥眚疣朦眍邂痤镥轳铎 蜞 聃娩眍邂痤镥轳铎 疱忝铐, 觐泐 怩钿栩 雨疣!磬.

镱鬣蜿 眍忸泐 I 耱. 铖饷眈 雨疣!龛 痤顼铟桧噱 痨筲囗 烀骓囵钿眍! 铖饷蝽! 镱朊蜩觇, 忤珥圜帼麒 镳妙痂蝈蝽 磬镳扈 痤玮栩牦 耱疣蝈忝! !蹴! 疱嚯苗圉!, 磬 躞 篁忮痄驽眄 耱囹篑 鹈忭铒疣忭钽 镟痱礤疣 牮!龛-镳钼嚅溴疣 铖饷蝽悯 镱耠筱. 青珥圜屙 镱朊蜩黜 庙闽绵蜩忤 镱蝠遽簋螯 沭箜蝾忭钽 磬箨钼-戾蝾漕腩忝黜钽 钺沭箜蝮忄眄 潆 痤琊钺脲眄 镳嚓蜩黜桴 锩漉钿免 !蹴! 疱嚯苗圉!. 苗 牮铌免 鳇铎 磬镳烀 痤玢溧蜩 耱忸疱眄 "袜雒铐嚯钽 铖饷蝽泐 汶铖囵: 忤 铖饷蜞". 玎珥圜噱螯 镥疱潇钼 漕 鳇钽 漕饷潢钼钽 忤溧眄, 戾蝾 痤琊钺脲眄 磬雒铐嚯钽 汶铖囵 ! 铖饷蜩 耔耱屐礤 忤珥圜屙 觌钼桴 镱螯 蜞 饷滹钼娩龛 蝈痨庙免, 耋 !! 铕汔砻玎雒, 趔黻雒铐筲囗, 痤玮栩铌 箪钼圊 汶钺嚯苗圉! 蜞 邂痤庙蝈沭圉! 珈钽 玟瞄耥囹 羿躅怏 觐祗砻赅雒, 痤珞烀蜩 烀骓囵钿眢, 邂痤镥轳 烀眍腩忝 ! 铍. 穷牮屐, 汶铖囵! 痤珈鸣屙 忤珥圜屙 蝈痨庙 "蝠囗耥圉妙磬朦磬 忤 铖饷蜞" ! 铖饷蜩, 磬溧弪 沭铎噤磬 镥忭! 牮!龛 铖饷蝽渺 玎觌噤囔 庙! 溴疰噔 [40, c. 62] 镱耔豚眄扈, 镥疱忄骓, 磬 漕牦戾眚, 镳桉麇砻 痤玮栩觐饷 令腩眈钽 镳铞羼 砚痤锩, 雒腙铎 玎觐眍烀痦, 铖昝朦觇 鬣耋 镳桢漤囗 玎汔朦眍邂痤镥轳钽 铖饷蝽-磬箨钼钽 镳铖蝾痼 雨疣!磬 汔痨铐苗箦 疋铄 铖饷蝽 玎觐眍溧怦蜮 邂痤镥轳桁.

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屠幼哇 娜咽有 倚劳淹乐1瓮浪芡翁 论沿盘 瘟欣俏吕腿

世 盐秩浪芡-吓睦梦萌着咽翁 呗伺腿

耱囹 镳邃耱噔脲 皴爨眚梓羼觇 囗嚯桤 蝈痨桧钼, 钺铉磬鬣桴 翦眍戾 "蝠囗耥圉桀磬朦眍 恹聒邋 钺疣珙忄龛", 篦栩 铖钺屙眍耱 桴 桉镱朦珙忄龛 磬篦睇 蝠箐圊 桉耠邃钼囹咫彘 钺豚耱 耦鲨嚯 磬箨, 漕牦戾眚圊 戾驿箜囵钿睇 铕汔龛玎鲨, 镳噔栩咫蜮屙睇 礤镳噔栩咫蜮屙睇 钺疣珙忄蝈朦睇 耱痼牝箴 耱疣, 忸怆鬻屙睇 镳铞羼覃 戾驿箜囵钿眍 桧蝈沭圉梃 耵屦 钺疣珙忄龛, 鲥朦 恹怆屙 耋铖蜩 桉耠邃箦祛泐 翦眍戾磬.

蔓耥屙, 黩 蝈痨桧 "蝠囗耥圉桀磬朦眍 恹聒邋 钺疣珙忄龛 ", 赅 镳噔桦, 桉 镱朦珞弪 潆 钺铉磬麇龛 疱嚯钽 桦 忤痱筻朦眍泐 镥疱溻桄屙 耱箐屙蝾, 镳屣瞵 溧忄蝈脲, 嚓噤屐梓羼觇 镳钽疣祆 钿眍 耱疣睇 漯筱簋.

孰邂 耠钼: 蝠囗耥圉桀磬朦睇, 蝠囗耥圉桀磬腓珈, 蝠囗耥圉桀磬朦眍耱, 蝠囗耥圉桀磬朦眍 恹聒邋 钺疣珙忄龛.

U D C 378 (100)

   

The article devotes to semantic analysis of terms for "transnational higher education" de termining due to the peculiarities of their usage in scientific research works in the social fields (sociology, philosophy, political science, economics, cultural studies), documents of international organizations, governmental and non-governmental educational institutions of different countries involved in the process of international integration in education, in order to identify the nature of the phenomenon under investigation. Usually the term "transnational" is used in research on higher education to emphasize the importance of "between" or "on" territorial boundaries, so the emphasis is on what is happening in the "transnational space" rather than at the level of formal cooperation between nations.

It is founded that the term "transnational higher education" is usu ally used to refer to real or virtual movement of students, faculty, and academic programs from one country to another. The study of semantic meaning of key term "transnational higher educa tion" shows that it is often used with respect to educational and scientific initiatives andpartne rships at the institutional level, rather than at the level of individual mobility of teachers and stu dents. Development of transnational higher education as an active and effective international co operation for the purpose of cross-fertilization and exchange of experience in education becomes an important part of education policy in developed countries, including Great Britain, Australia, Canada and USA. After all its indisputable advantages include increased availability of higher education universalization of knowledge, the development of international standards for quality and innovation, increase higher education participation by students and teachers in the interna tional exchange of knowledge, expansion and strengthening of international cooperation in edu cation and research sector, diversification and growth of financial flows by attracting foreign students to pay learning, expanding international network of higher education institutions for the effective use of their resources.

Keywords: transnational, transnationalism, transnationality, transnational higher educa tion.

羊囹 磬潋 漕 疱溧牿蝽钽 觐脲汨 7.11.2013



项躅骅 疣犷螓:

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锑蝈痂嚯 钽 襦轵 疣珈妁屙 潆 铉磬觐祀屙, 怦 镳噔 镳桧噤脲驵 桴 噔蝾疣.
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